تربیت مدرس، تهران، ایران
دانشگاه تربیت مدرس،
کارشناسی: باستان شناسی،دانشگاه تهران،1364 ـ 1368 کارشناسی ارشد: باستان شناسی، دانشگاه تربیت مدرس،1369 ـ 1373 دکترا: باستان شناسی ( دوران اسلامی) ، دانشگاه تربیت مدرس،1378 ـ 1383
Defensive fortifications in different regions of Iran have been an effective factor in the survival of residential centers and commercial routes. An investigation on defensive structures will provide useful information on this kind of architecture. The study of remains of castles in the Rey region has provided an important context for archaeological research. In the present study, the Seljuk fortifications (Rashkān fortress, Gabri and Kāsni Castles) are introduced and recognized as inner city castles. It aims at identifying and studying the Seljuk fortifications of Rey, identifying the function of inner city fortifications, and comparing them with other samples in neighboring regions in terms of characteristics. The data were gathered thr
Bulbous domes are among discontinuous double-shell domes and has been developed in Iran since the middle of the 9th century AH/the 15th century AD, concurrent with Timurid period. In this shape of domes, the dome profile was changed so that it began a return below the base of the arch, producing thereby a slight bulge that. The terminology for bulge in Iranian architecture is Avgun. Bulbous dome is considered as a part of Iranian architectural culture and the architects of this land have used this complex structure in a way that has been developing ever since its formation. It seems that this shape of dome requires a precise assessment in terms of design, mechanism of power transmission, and features of structural elements. The main purpose
Azyvjā n ?is one of the less known cities of early Islamic era in western Iran. We are familiar with it through the reports of the early and middle Islamic centurie's geographers and also coins of this city belong to the fourth century AH. This city has been geographically in the? Masbazan ?province in the west of Iran. Despite the studies and archaeological research carried out in this area, so far the city of Azyvjā n and its location has been remained unknown in the present-day geography of the region. The purpose of this paper is investigating the geographical scope of the city of Azyvjā n based on the knowledge of the historical resources and adaptation this data to archaeological evidence in order to achieve an understanding of the
In Persian mythology, Anahita is the only goddess to have her name immortalised next to Ahura Mazda and Mithra - the two overarching Zoroastrian deities. The first written evidence stems from fourth-century BCE inscriptions in Susa and Hamadan. In Persia, Anahita was the deity assigned to water, as well as fertility and prosperity. She was also the protectress of the righteous kings, a tradition starting with the Achaemenian empire and lasting until the end of the Sasanian dynasty. The cultic syncretism developing in the vast Persian empires is as much part of the scrutiny of our authors as the Avestan origins of the Anahita cult.
This article discusses the gryphon, shirdal in Persian, a legendary creature featuring in much of Asia's and Europe's mythology. The shirdal, just as the Greek γρύφων, is a hybrid and legendary beast composed of eagle, human, lion and bull. But was there a common mythical function for the gryphon? The article will answer this question by tracing more than five thousand years of history, with a focus on Elamite architecture unearthed in Susa.
The ancient city of Rayy is a symbol of the social and cultural life of Iran prior to the arrival of the Mongols. The economic, cultural, and social flourishing of this city during the Islamic era led the city to be mentioned under different names, including the Bride of Cities, Om-al-Belad, and Sheykh Al-Belad in some historical sources.“The Book of Rayy: From Its Origins to the Mongol Invasion an Archaeological and Historiographical Study” is about the latest archaeological studies and the urbanization history of the ancient city of Rayy. The book which is written by Roco Rante with cooperation of Ghadir Afrund, was published by Brill Holand Publications in 2014. This book, which combines archaeological data resulted from two seasons
Ziz is one of the important cities that Geographers and Historians have described it in the early centuries and Mid-Islamic period. Ziz was a city of the Arrajan Khore, which is located in the north-east of it. According to historical sources, it was located on the route of Arrajan to Esfahan and this city has pulpit and main (jamea) Mosque. This research is aimed to specify the exact geographical location of Ziz city. The authors of this paper applied descriptive–analytical approach and analysis of field study and documented data (literary sources) attempts to answers regarding question about ancient sites or site including the remains of ziz city? The results of field study and archaeological surveys and analysis of historical texts sho
g but this information is very obscure about the Sassanid and Islamic early era, especially the effects of the socio-political structure on the city's location. In this research, in order to investigate the process of effective factors in the residence of this important city of Sassanid and early Islam, these concepts have been considered: authoritative historical texts including literary, political and social, Sassanid districts' surveys, and also review and analyze the views of contemporary scholars. In sum, and by examining these sources and materials,. In the late Sassanid period, the architecture of the city was strongly influenced by the military and defensive architecture, taking into account the rule of the climbers and the indirect
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