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Geopolitical knowledge, as a branch of political geography, deals with the interrelationship between geography and politics in the light of the power component. One of the basic concepts of this knowledge is the concept of geopolitical interests, which have a special place in geopolitics and international relations. has it. By identifying the influential components of this concept and the extent of their effectiveness, foreign relations between countries can be analyzed more accurately. This research is descriptive in nature and method and applied in terms of purpose. Data collection has been done through library and field studies. The validity of the questionnaire with CVR and its reliability based on Cronbach's alpha and data analysis wer
Extended Abstract: Islam is the second largest religion in the world in terms of the number of impersonators. The spread of Muslims around the world covers all continents, but what is known as the Islamic world and the Muslim-majority lands and countries include a vast expanse of space from the Atlantic coast to western China along the southern latitude to West-Northeast. Islamic lands in demographic, geographical, economic, geopolitical, geostrategic, geo-economics, geo-cultural, etc. dimensions have outstanding and almost privileged positions, and the utilization of these opportunities, power-building and empowerment resources are provided to Islamic countries and the Islamic world. It allows them to have far better conditions than in oth
Extended Abstract Introduction Conflict represents a dispute or war between two or more actors on a local, national, regional or global scale. Geographical factors and values play a fundamental role in conflicts. Actually, conflicts occur due to a combination of geographical, political, and power-related parameters, which can be explained within the framework of geopolitics. Africa has long been involved in a variety of conflicts most of which relate to the 0-15-degreeNorthernlatitude of the continent. From 29 countries in the region, 15 are involved in 11 boundary and territorial conflicts. The present study seeks to find an answer for the question that what the geopolitical roots of boundary and territorial conflicts in the 0 – 15-degre
Peripheral geopolitical regions play a special role in the foreign policy of countries. Among these, one of the important geopolitical regions Peripheral Iran is the South Asian region. What is happening in South Asia is affecting Iran's interests. Therefore, having a proper knowledge of foreign policy provides the necessary ability to maintain and strengthen Iran's national interests in the South Asian region. The purpose of this study is to explain the geopolitical opportunities of Iran's foreign policy in the South Asian region. The research method of this research will be descriptive-analytical as well as the method of collecting research findings in the library and field. Qualitative findings show that some of the natural and human ind
Extended Abstract ?Introduction Geography has always played an important role in human affairs. It has shaped or hindered the identity, nature, and history of national governments, helped or hindered their social, political, and economic development, and played an important role in their international relations. As such, political entities have a special status in terms of their natural and human geographical features and characteristics which, in terms of their role in the international system, interact with other countries, especially with world powers positively or negatively. Paying attention to the characteristics and factors of geopolitics will make politicians aware of their weaknesses and strengths and their national power in gene
From the end of 2019, the world has faced with instability resulted from Corona Virus (COVID-19) pandemic (WTO.(1), 2020); a fatal and destructive virus which can have many lessons for the vulnerable world. The virus has spread to the entire world and has affected all of the states of the world which have affected by complicated and interwoven economic, social and spatial actions.
The importance of the sea and its role in world economics and politics are indisputable and it is necessary to pay attention to it. The political history of the world testifies that countries that have a maritime strategy have been powerful and developed. Due to its long beaches in the Persian Gulf and the Oman Sea, the country has a privileged geographic location in the country, with its other neighbors. Unfortunately, the regions of eastern and southeast of Iran due to geographic isolation have always been neglected in national politics. To this end, one of the best strategies for promoting development and security in the region is the connection of the eastern parts to the Chabahar port and the coast of Makran. This research tries to exp
In spite of presenting some new insights and relevant critiques on traditional geopolitics, it seems that critical geopolitics is reductionist and consequently is not capable of explanation of current geopolitical situation at the global scale. Roots of this reductionism should be explored in philosophical foundations of critical geopolitics. Considering some of its main arguments and concepts, including positionality, situated-ness, and partiality, critical geopolitics is a poststructuralist and postmodern approach. According to the critical geopolitics, geopolitical practices, forces and processes are indeed reduced to constellations of rival ideas and discourses. This research aims to critically and systematically excavate and evaluate t
Research Political Geography Quarterly (PG).
Method: The research is of" theoretical basis" type and in terms of nature, it is a descriptive scientific research and in the method of" descriptive-analytical" attitude. Data collection was done by documentary method and using library resources. The research method is" qualitative" and for information analysis," content analysis" and" content analysis" methods have been used.Findings: An analysis of the roots of religious and sectarian strife in the African Zero to 15 Belt since the end of the Cold War (1991) shows In the occurrence of this type of conflict, the reciprocal mapping of the elements of" politics"," power" and" geography" and its consequences are obvious and the conflicts have a geopolitical nature.Conclusion: Out of 29 count
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