, Tarbiat Modares University,
, Tarbiat Modares University,
• AimsThe main aims were to evaluate the relative predictive performance of different statistical fidelity measures for the reassignment of relev?s to existing vegetation units, and in which cases reassignments improve the quality of the original classification.• MethodsWe took the classifications produced by three commonly used unsupervised classification methods, and all relev?s were reassigned to the closest vegetation unit according to the total fidelity value index (TFVI), where fidelity value had been calculated using one of eight distinct statistical measures, and according to the frequency-positive fidelity index (FPFI). Classifications obtained after relev? reassignments were compared to the initial ones using the Adjusted Rand
In retinal degenerative disorders, when neural retinal cells are damaged, cell transplantation is one of the most promising therapeutic approaches. Optogenetic technology plays an essential role in the neural differentiation of stem cells via membrane depolarization. This study explored the efficacy of blue light stimulation in neuroretinal differentiation of Opto-mGluR6-engineered mouse retinal pigment epithelium (mRPE) and bone marrow mesenchymal stem cells (BMSCs). mRPE and BMSCs were selected for optogenetic study due to their capability to differentiate into retinal-specific neurons. BMSCs were isolated and phenotypically characterized by the expression of mesenchymal stem cell-specific markers, CD44 (99%) and CD105 (98.8%). mRPE cultu
Soil biota populations are good indicators for the evaluation of soil quality, which is in line with the nutrient cycles in forest ecosystems. To the best of the authors’ knowledge, responses of belowground biota to forest removal intensity have received little attention. The present study aimed to study the effect of low, moderate and high intensities of forest degradation, based on the density of standing trees, in lands covered by Carpinus betulus and Parrotia persica tree species in northern Iran on forest floor, soil properties and fauna and flora activities. In the summer season, a total of 15 forest floor and soil samples (30?× 30?× 10?cm) from each site were transferred to the laboratory. To achieve the temporal pattern of soi
Development Strategies in Medical Education راهبردهای توسعه در آموزش پزشکی.
The degradation of forest ecosystems has an important role in global warming through the carbon (C) and nitrogen (N) cycles. The response of soil organic matter fractions and microbial activities to forest degradation has been poorly studied. The purpose of the current research was to evaluate the effect of different intensities (i.e. low, moderate, and high) of forest degradation in northern Iran on the fractions of particulate and dissolved organic matter, microbial and enzyme activities as indicators of soil function. In this research, a total of 15 soil samples (30?× 30?× 10?cm) from each studied forest sites were transferred to the laboratory. Fifty-two soil characteristics of those forest ecosystems were studied by principal compo
Over the past four decades, management plan based on the Boolean Ecological Capability model has caused major problems in the management of the Hyrcanian Forests. The aim of this study is to evaluate ecological capability of five proposed sites including Golestan National Park, Afra Takhteh Yew Forest, Kojoor Forest, Cypress Woodland of Hassanabad-e Chalous, Lomer forest along the Hyrcanian region from east to west, using both Boolean and fuzzy logic and to compare these two models. A total of 10 important factors including slope, aspect, elevation, soil types, soil erosion, soil transformation, canopy cover, the value of species, distance to streams and climate were investigated in this study. The results show that elevation, slope and asp
Iran's Hyrcanian forests cover a relatively narrow strip in the northeastern part of the country, and are among the most important and valuable ecosystems inscribed in United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) World Heritage List. European yew Taxus baccata L. is a Tertiary relict in the region and a long‐lived dioecious tree with high ecological and economic importance in the Hyrcanian forests. To study the structure and analysing the survivorship of yew stands, we selected two forest reserves (Gazou and Afratakhteh) with European yew. In the two study areas, we established 165 0.1 ha circular sample plots (75 of the sample plots were in Gazou and 90 sample plots were in Afratakhteh) and measured three c
In the original publication of the article the seventh author name was incorrectly published. The correct name is given in this correction.
Staphylococcus lugdunensis is a coagulase-negative Staphylococcus species that may cause various infections with unusual severity. In spite of the administration of various antibiotics, infections caused by such bacteria are become resistant significantly. Transmission of antibiotic resistance genes, especially by Integron structures, exacerbates the prevalence of resistant strains. To investigate the antibiotic susceptibility pattern of S. lugdunensis as a new emergence in burns, the presence of integron classes (I, II, III) was performed in recent study. Sampling for this study was carried out over a period of 13 months (January 2017 to February 2018) from Amir-Al-Momenin burn center of southwest of Iran, affiliated wi
The Hyrcanian Forest region is rich in relict species, and endemic and endangered species. Although there are concerns about climate change, its influence on tree species in the Hyrcanian forests in the north of Iran is still unidentified. Taxus baccata is among the few conifer species found in the region, and the present study aims to evaluate the potential impact of climate change on the distribution of T. baccata. For this purpose, we used ensemble species distribution modeling with ten algorithms and based on two geographic extents (global and regional) and climate data for different climate change scenarios. For the regional extent, we calibrated the models in Hyrcanian forests including the three provinces in the north of Iran. For th
Aims: Natural regeneration will guarantee forest future and sustainability. Ecological factors (soil and physiology) may influence regeneration process and provide a variety of sites favorable for seed generation and establishment of different plant species. The present study aimed to evaluate effect of environmental factors on Fagus orientalis regeneration in Kojoor Forest, one of Hyrcanian inscribed sites on UNESCO's Natural World Heritage List.Materials & Methods: After determination of high valued and undisturbed stands of F. orientalis Lipeskey on the vegetation map, sampling was carried out with 2.5% of statistical intensity (the surface area of each plot was 0.1 ha and statistical network dimension was 200? 200m 2). The effects of ab
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