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Knowledge and Information Science


 

Information scientists undoubtedly play a lead role in scientific circles. They are primarily concerned with the collection, classification, storage, dissemination and management of information in order to pave the way for the application and usage of knowledge in the society (both organizations and the entire community). Since information science is a field of study which studies the nature and applications of knowledge, it is one of the most important academic fields. The foundation of this field goes back to early 1960s when it was founded in Tabriz and Tehran Universities (then called library sciences). This field of study was first established in TMU’s Faculty of Humanities in 1989. When an independent faculty was built for Management and Economics, the department moved to the newly-built faculty in 2009. This department prides itself on having qualified professors and knowledgeable alumni. More than 100 students have graduated from this department so far, many of whom now serve as faculty members in other universities. The teaching staff and students of this department have published more than 30 books and 200 papers in indexed domestic / foreign journals and are often the active participants of seminars / conferences. Moving fast towards a knowledge-oriented community, the significance of information and knowledge emerges more than ever. The appearance of “logy” and “ics” suffixes for concepts such as “society, economy, development…” nowadays clearly shows the unique role of knowledge in contemporary world. The coinage of the neologism “gold-collar worker” signifies the undisputable role these individuals play in the progress of the society. Information science incorporates aspects of diverse fields which have been developed since the foundation of the first School of Library Science in America in 1887, some of these diverse fields include: information management, knowledge management, scientometrics, information systems, library management, information needs, information literacy, encyclopedia compiling, manuscripts, archival science …. The attainment of higher degrees and numerous awards and scientific achievements by the alumni of this department indicate the influence this department has had on professional and scientific communities. This department has managed to obtain numerous awards from International Farabi Festival, Allame Helli Festival, Students Year Book, to name only a few, a progress which is hoped to continue in future. This department presently admits students at M.A level. It also makes use of guest lecturers from other universities. Information Science Department intends to recruit more faculty members to accomplish its projected mission. This department also plays a vital role in macro policy-making at national level. The teaching staff of this department are active members in Library Science Revision Committee of the Ministry of Science and Technology, The Commission of Revision for Scientific Resources, Scientific Committee of Farabi Festival and similar academic entities. The members of this department are also actively engaged in various committees of the university, an engagement which is hoped to contribute to the development and progress of Iranian community

Outlook:
The 20 year vision for the Knowledge and Information Science Department reads as “a leading Knowledge and Information Science department in Iran and the region”

Fields of study and sub-disciplines:
Presently the Knowledge and Information Science department admits master students.

Information Management (IM)
Information management (IM) concerns the acquisition of information from one or more sources and the distribution of that information to those who need it. Management embraces concepts such as planning, organizing, structuring, processing, controlling, evaluation and reporting of information activities. By the expansion of information technology, information management found new dimensions and scopes. In the 1970s, the management of information largely concerned matters close to data management: punched cards, magnetic tapes and other record-keeping media. But in the following years, information management found new horizons and started repairing and storing information. With the electronic storage of data, the management task became even more difficult. In the late 1990, when the data and information were systematically proliferated by electronic devices, the network managers transformed into information managers. They faced ever increasing hardware and software challenges. With the latest technology, the information management turned into a powerful and expensive source for many organizations. Knowledge and Information Science has been defined as the organizational ability to develop, preserve, retrieve, and make available the information at the right place in the right organization and for the right audience with the least costs in the best media to be used for decision making purposes. Best (1988) maintains that Knowledge and Information Science is a kind of economic, efficient synchrony for the control, storage, retrieval and dissemination from insource and outsources for the sake of promoting organizational performance. This definition has a limited scope, so the manager does not care about information characteristics (content, ownership, storage method, or ultimate user). In short, Knowledge and Information Science is concerned with the management of information in an organization which utilizes modern technology. The concept of information systems and the rapid growth of computer technology encourages us to make use of computers to resolve more complex problems.
Information systems have always been the biggest challenge for dynamic and growing organizations. The need for obtaining fast, reliable and cost-effective information necessitate the integration of databases in organizations. The information systems and the managerial information especially those which are effective in organizational decision-making processes are considered as valuable organizational sources. In other words, an information system is a system which receives data as raw materials and through processes transforms them into product. IM includes the elements related to the organization or environment: recognition, insertion of initial data, either obtained or produced by an organization. Recording: physical attainment of the data, .Transfer: based on specific needs of the organization, Storage: predicting possible uses in future. Retrieval: searching the registered data. Offering: report, connection ….. In short, IM requires organizing, retrieving, securing and preserving the information. Information management closely collaborates with data management.
In the 84th session of Higher Education Planning Council held on Sep. 9th, 2012, the Science Planning Committee of the Ministry ratified the field of IM and replaced it for Informatics.